Marilina Betrò was born in Torre del Greco (Napoli) and studied Classical Humanities at the University of Pisa. She has been Professor of Egyptology in this University since 2006, teaching Egyptology, Egyptian Language and Philology, Demotic, Ancient Egyptian Epigraphy. She is Director of the Master Degree in Oriental Studies since 2018 and member of the Doctorate Board in History the University of Pisa, in which the PhD programme in Egyptology is also included.
She is President of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Egyptian Museum in Turin since 2017. Since 2003 she has directed the archaeological mission at Dra Abu el-Naga, in the necropolis of ancient Thebes (Gurna -Luxor, Egypt).
She is director of the journal Egitto e Vicino Oriente and member of the scientific committee of several Italian and international journals and series.
Her main research interests focus on cultural interactions between Egypt and its neighbours, in particular from the Late Period onwards, the history of Egyptology and the formation of collections of Egyptian antiquities; ancient Egyptian thought and organisation of knowledge. Her published record includes more than 150 publications, one of which, the book Hieroglyphics, has been translated into Chinese and Japanese in addition to the major European languages.